O Canada! There’s tons to see and do in this country renowned for maple syrup, ice hockey and its famously friendly inhabitants. To get your trip off to a flying start, take a look at our essential Canadian facts and figures:

  • Canada is known as “the Great White North”, owing to its location above the USA. It’s also the second-largest country on earth, occupying a massive 9.985 million km²!
  • Canada’s winters are well-known for being cold, as temperatures can drop to -25°C (-95°F). Perfect for skiing, snowshoeing and other winter activities! That said, Canadian summers can be pleasant with the thermometer rising to 35°C (95°F).
  • English and French are the official languages of Canada. You’ll mostly hear French spoken in the province of Quebec, where over 80% of the locals are first-language Francophones.
  • Canada has 6 time zones, stretching from Pacific Standard Time in Vancouver (GMT-8) in the west, to Newfoundland Standard Time in Newfoundland (GMT-3.30) to the east.
  • The official currency is the Canadian dollar (currency code: CAD). It’s denominated in notes of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100, and coins of 1¢, 5¢, 25¢, 50¢, $1 and $2.
  • When you’re in Canada, be sure to check out Toronto’s 553.3m-high CN Tower and Alberta’s Banff National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site of stunning beauty.

Find out more about the Great White North before you travel in our useful articles below.